The abundance of sugar and sweet foods in the diet often leads to the development of many diseases. Most often, patients who abuse sweets develop carious lesions of the teeth, atherosclerotic heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.
As a result, more and more sugar-substitute products appear on the dietary market. Different sugar substitutes have completely different biochemical characteristics. Moreover, they are characterized by different calories and the degree of influence on glucose metabolism. There are natural and artificial sugar substitutes.
Unfortunately, not all diet products are safe for the body. Sweeteners can be natural and synthetic. Natural sweeteners, of course, have a certain number of advantages. They are natural, and thus attract consumers more. Some of them do not contain calories and have no effect on glucose metabolism, which provides an opportunity to use them in the diet of diabetics.
Natural sweeteners include:
- Stevia plant. Stevia leaves contain a specific substance - stevioside. It has a very pronounced sweet taste. Stevia is an absolutely natural, absolutely safe sugar substitute. Stevizoid, getting into the blood, has no effect on glucose metabolism. Moreover, there are no calories in this sweetener. Stevia contains a number of trace elements useful for the heart and blood vessels, the digestive tract and also for the activity of the central nervous system. The main disadvantage is a very specific taste.
- Fructose is a fruity sugar with a pleasant taste, but high in calories.
- Sucralose is synthesized from cane sugar. It is very sweet, but it affects glucose metabolism.
Synthetic sugar substitutes are presented:
A chemical compound such as sorbitol also belongs to the group of synthetic sugar substitutes.
Harmful effects from artificial sweeteners
Aspartame, also known as E951, a low-calorie, fast-acting sugar substitute, is hundreds of times sweeter than sugar. It is the most popular synthetic sweetener, but according to many studies, it is very toxic.
This compound is used to produce more diabetic food. Aspartame has taken the lion's share of the mass use of synthetic sugar analogues and is used to make several thousand products and beverages worldwide.
Randomized independent trials revealed the negative effect of prolonged use of aspartame on human health. Representatives of medical science are convinced that a long intake of aspartame can provoke:
- tinnitus (pathological sounds) in the ears;
- allergic phenomena;
- depressive disorders;
- liver pathology.
Acceptance of aspartame by overweight patients to reduce weight, in some cases, has the opposite effect. Consumers are beginning to gain weight rapidly. It has been proven that this sweetener increases hunger. A third of consumers experience the negative effects of aspartame.
Acesulfame, an additive E950, is a low-calorie, sugar-free, transit sweetener with a high sweetness index. Its frequent use has an effect on the function of the gastrointestinal tract, and can provoke allergic processes in the body. Its sale and use for production is prohibited in a number of countries.
Saccharin is a low-calorie sweetener with the highest sweetness ratio. Differs characteristic metallic taste. It was previously banned for production and sale in a number of countries. When tested in laboratory rats, he increased the risk of developing urinary tract tumors.
Cyclamate, or bioadditive E952, sugar substitute with a low degree of calorie content and a low degree of sweetness. Its use and production has strict limitations in many countries.
This is due to the likely impact on the functional state of the kidneys.
Harm of natural sweeteners
Despite its naturalness and high consumer confidence, natural sweeteners can also cause any side effect from the body. In some cases, they have poor organoleptic or biochemical parameters. Or they are completely inconvenient to use in everyday life.
Fructose is the sweetest natural sugar. The coefficient of its sweetness exceeds the coefficient of sugar. Unfortunately, it is also high in calories like regular sugar, and therefore it is difficult to call it a dietary product.
Moreover, in many developed countries of the world, it is the abuse of fructose and products with its content leads to obesity. According to some studies, fructose can cause specific toxic hepatitis, which can lead to the development of cirrhosis, carcinoma and liver failure.
Sorbitol - sweetener extracted from plants. Its sweetness index is below normal sugar. In addition, it has a pronounced choleretic effect, which may be a contraindication for some patients. Even in a healthy population, up to the first use, sorbitol can cause diarrhea. Restrictions on its consumption are ten grams per day.
Xylitol is also a product extracted from plant materials. It resembles ordinary sugar in appearance. Get it, in most cases, from the corn cobs.
Xylitol often causes allergies.
Other features of sugar substitutes
Allocate also combinations of those or other sweeteners.
The newest types of sugar substitutes contain the same chemical elements only in various combinations. This often reduces their toxic effects and negative effects on the body with prolonged use.
Replacing sugar with a specific analogue without harm to the body is actually possible, but for this you should follow certain recommendations.
Such recommendations are as follows:
- Before buying, carefully study the product instructions.
- Before using the substitute should consult with your doctor.
- It should be before acquiring sweetener familiar with consumer reviews.
- To measure the theoretical harm and the expected benefit from the use of sweeteners.
- When using strictly follow the instructions for use.
- Before use it is recommended to study the information on a product on reliable sources.
In addition, it is worth remembering that avoiding sweeteners is almost impossible to avoid They are contained in foods that cannot even bring the slightest suspicion to people.
As a conclusion, it can be noted that the side effects of the sweetener are not so theoretical a matter as more practical.
Each organism perceives one or another chemical or natural element differently. For some, even a single dose of the product can play a huge role in the deterioration of health. For some consumers, taking the same aspartame is commonplace.
The safest at the moment is stevioside (for example, Fit parade), which has absolutely no effect on the biochemical processes in the human body.
The benefits and harms of sweeteners are described in the video in this article.